ROZUMIENIE SŁUCHANEGO TEKSTU

Zadanie 1. (5 pkt)

Usłyszysz dwukrotnie fragment audycji radiowej na temat ciekawego maratonu. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T–True), a które nie (F–False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

Transkrypcja do zadania 1.

I love running, that’s why last year I decided to take part in a special marathon. It is called the Marathon of the Sands and it takes place in the Sahara Desert. This is a six-day event in which runners cover the distance of 6 standard marathons. But they don’t run the standard marathon distance of 42 kilometres a day. Each section of the Marathon of the Sands has a different length. Participants have to run from 20 to 80 kilometres a day, depending on how difficult the section is. There is another interesting thing about the race. You must stay in front of the two riders on camels at the back responsible for controlling the race. If you fall behind them, you’re out. In this way the organisers make sure that no one gets lost. For many reasons this marathon is called the toughest race on the planet. First of all, the temperatures are extreme and there are often sandstorms. Secondly, the organisers give you about 12 litres of water a day. This means that every few miles at a checkpoint, you get one and a half litres of water. That’s not much. And you carry all your food, a sleeping bag and clothing for the whole week. Your backpack can be any size and there are no limits on what you can take in it. But runners have to carry everything in 45 degree heat so they usually do not pack too many things. For example, they don’t take extra underwear or soap because it's all too heavy. You can imagine how dirty and thirsty they are when they finally get to the hotel after the race! But just like me, they must also be really happy they have made it.

adapted from www.suzymadge.com/themarathon-of-the sands

Odpowiedzi

1.1. Runners in this marathon cover over 40 kilometres every day.
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1.2. To stay in the race, the runner has to be faster than the riders on camels.
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1.3. Each morning runners get water for the whole day.
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1.4. Runners are allowed to carry as much baggage as they want.
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1.5. The speaker instructs listeners on how to prepare for a marathon.
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Zadanie 2. (5 pkt)

Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedzi pięciu osób na temat ślubu księcia Williama z Catherine Middleton. Do każdej osoby (2.1.–2.5.) dopasuj zdanie podsumowujące jej wypowiedź (A–F). Wpisz rozwiązania do tabeli. Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

Two years have passed since the biggest royal wedding of this century so far. We asked a few people what they remember most about the ceremony and the atmosphere of the day.

Speaker 1

Well, the whole thing was absolutely fantastic, and the ceremony was beautiful. Catherine looked very elegant. She was just great, coming down the aisle. She seemed relaxed and even posed for photographers. And everyone was impressed with her dress which fitted her perfectly.

Speaker 2

I was really pleased to be part of such a historic day in our country. At first it looked like an ordinary wedding with everybody waving at each other and admiring the dress of the bride. And then Queen Elizabeth and Prince William arrived and I realized that I was watching history in the making so I started to wave the flag happily. It made me feel very fortunate that I live in this country.

Speaker 3

It was a special day, one in a million … The photographs of the happy couple were everywhere and they promoted a very positive image of the royal family. It was such an emotional day for everyone in the country. But it was painful when I realized that on such a perfect day William’s mother wasn’t there for him. She would be so proud. I’m sure William was sorry his mother couldn’t see him on his big day.

Speaker 4

On the day of the ceremony I went for a long walk with my daughter round the streets and parks in our area of London, and did not see any street celebrations. Not a flag or a balloon. Just a normal day but quieter than the previous weekend. Perhaps there were some celebrations in the centre but not in my neighbourhood.

Speaker 5

It was really beautiful, wasn’t it? The special moment for me was when the ceremony ended, and then suddenly, in the silence of the church, you could hear thousands of people from all over the world cheering outside. It was very moving to hear what effect the event had on the public. I’m glad I was wearing waterproof make-up… adapted from www.bbc.co.uk

Speaker 1Speaker 2Speaker 3Speaker 4Speaker 5
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Zadanie 3. (5 pkt)

Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z opiekunką zwierząt w zoo. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B albo C. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

Interviewer: Today in the studio we’re talking to a young zookeeper, Yvonne Grames. Yvonne, was it always your ambition to take care of zoo animals? After all you studied chemistry at university …

Yvonne: To be honest, it wasn’t. As a child I didn’t have a pet and I didn’t want one. But when I finished my studies, it was impossible for me to find a job as a chemist. At that time becoming a zookeeper was the only option for me. That was nearly four and a half years ago and now I’m addicted! I can’t imagine myself doing anything else.

Interviewer: Some listeners may not know what a zookeeper does exactly. Can you give us some details?

Yvonne: Many people think that zookeepers only feed the animals and hug them all day long. This view is really old-fashioned. In fact, very few animals in the zoo are ever touched unless they are sick or we have to move them to a new place. It’s clear to anyone who works in a modern zoo that zoo animals are wild animals that should be with other wild animals and not with people. We need to look after them, we need to feed them well, but they are not our pets and shouldn’t be treated as such.

Interviewer: Hmm… That’s interesting… Is it a difficult job?

Yvonne: Being a zookeeper is really hard work. At the moment I’m looking after the elephants and the monkeys. But in the future I might be asked to take care of the crocodiles, or snakes, which are definitely not as friendly! Besides, we work long hours, often at weekends and during Christmas. In summer we have two weeks off but each of us takes holidays at a different time. There must always be someone to look after the animals. There is also a lot of running around and carrying things so we must be healthy and strong. And you need to have a love for the job because the money we make is pretty bad.

Interviewer: What is the biggest challenge you’ve faced as a zookeeper?

Yvonne: One of the biggest challenges is to be accepted by the older keepers. Some of them have been in the job for 30 years or more and have a lot of experience. The problem is that they have no university education. In the past it was typical for a child to learn the job from parents and theoretical knowledge was not necessary. Most new keepers are university graduates and demonstrate knowledge that the older keepers don’t have. Our older colleagues are often afraid of the original ideas and solutions we suggest. But on the whole, it’s great working together. We don’t have their experience, they don’t have our knowledge, so we learn from each other.

Interviewer: Yvonne, thank you for talking to us today. adapted from www.i-studentlife.com

3.1. Yvonne decided to work as a zookeeper because she

3.2. According to Yvonne, modern zoos

3.3. Which is true about the job of a zookeeper?

3.4. Yvonne says that young zookeepers

3.5. In the interview, Yvonne

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ROZUMIENIE TEKSTU CZYTANEGO

Zadanie 4. (7 pkt)

Przeczytaj tekst. Dobierz właściwe podsumowanie (A–H) do każdego fragmentu tekstu. Wpisz odpowiednią literę w miejsca 4.1.–4.7. Uwaga: jedno podsumowanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnego fragmentu tekstu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

HOW TO SELECT A FLATMATE

With your phone ringing and messages filling up your e-mail box, are you still trying to decide how to select your new flatmate? Here’s some advice which may be useful.

4.1. ___

Choosing your ideal flatmate is a difficult task so it is a good idea to break it down into a few steps. Then you don’t have to worry about everything at the same time and it allows you to concentrate on each bit individually.

4.2. ___

To start with, you need to limit the number of candidates to about ten names. To do so, you will have to decide on 4 or 5 things you would like to ask people about when you call them. This way you can find out more about each person and decide if you want to meet them or not.

4.3. ___

Write a list of people who you would like to see and invite them for an interview. When arranging interviews, it’s smart to meet with potential flatmates a few hours apart, so that you don’t have to stop talking to someone because the next candidate is waiting.

4.4. ___

Flatmate interviews are usually informal and can be held at different locations. It is advisable to meet outside your flat. For example, you could hold interviews in a local café or a shopping centre. Another option is taking a walk in the park.

4.5. ___

If you already share a flat with other people, you will need to find out how they feel about the person and select a new flatmate together. You can do this by comparing each candidate to the profile of the perfect flatmate you’ve all agreed on.

4.6. ___

Even when you have chosen the best candidate, don’t give the answer right away. Tell the person you will ring them the following day. If you still feel confident about your choice in the morning, it’s a sign the choice was right.

4.7. ___

If possible, ask people who study or work with your potential flatmate for an opinion. They can tell you in what situations it might be difficult to get on with this person and what he or she is like. In this way you can discover any hidden surprises.

adapted from www.flatwithme.com.au
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Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)

Przeczytaj tekst. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCE

It was Sue’s nineteenth birthday and she was in Italy on a gap year, working as an au pair. She’d been in Florence for six months and now she felt at home in the city. She had arrived totally frustrated by not knowing a single word of Italian, not even the words for “yes” and “no”. Now Sue could communicate quite well. Instead of immediately guessing, “You’re English, aren’t you?” people said, “You’re not from around here, are you?” She was very proud of that difference.

It was her first birthday away from home. Back in England, her birthdays were almost a routine. Her family woke her with a strong tea and presents and in the afternoon she met up with some friends in town. But after a few months here, the few letters she’d had from her friends about parties and who was going out with whom had made them seem less, rather than more, real. This day, her nineteenth birthday, started with a cup of delicious Italian coffee. She read the birthday card one of her friends had sent her by email, but there was nothing special about it. And suddenly Niccolo, the three-year-old she looked after, ran into her room and presented her with a colourful picture of some long-tailed creatures. He had drawn it himself. “How sweet of him,” she thought. She hadn’t expected a present like that.

When Sue started to look after Niccolo, he was a very naughty child. He screamed and cried if he didn’t get what he wanted. There were lots of things he didn’t eat and items of clothing he refused to wear. He was also terrified of water, so he didn’t want to take a bath. Sue looked at him and realized that the boy was just like she used to be when she was three years old. Back then water was something scary for her too. And she also hated clothes that fitted too tightly and had to be pulled over her head. At that moment she understood how the boy felt, and immediately wanted to help him but didn’t quite know how.

And then one week later, when Niccolo’s parents went away on business, she had an idea. When he ran after her into the bathroom where she was filling the bath with water, she didn’t ask him to get in it. Instead she played with the water, ignoring him. Keeping his eyes on her, he played too. In the end he asked her if he could get in. She didn’t answer at once, pretending she was thinking about it, then agreed. Sue did the same with food. She didn’t force him to eat, but she ate one sandwich after another in front of him. He looked at her hungrily while she told him stories about children who weren’t afraid of anything. As he listened to the stories, he picked up his sandwich and began to eat. Sue pretended not to notice. He finished his plate. When Niccolo’s parents returned, they were surprised to find him completely different from what he used to be like.

adapted from The Growler by Julie Myerson
5.1. After six months in Florence, Sue was satisfied with her progress in Italian.
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5.2. When living in Italy, Sue remained very close to her friends back home.
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5.3. Sue’s friend sent her an unusual drawing for her 19th birthday.
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5.4. Niccolo reminded Sue of herself when she was the same age.
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5.5. Sue tricked Niccolo into doing everyday things he didn’t like.
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5.6. The story is about how a girl celebrated her birthday with relatives in Italy.
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Zadanie 6. (7 pkt)

Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

AN AMAZING COLLECTION

In everyday life, the paths of footballer Pele and artist Pablo Picasso never crossed. The pair were united, however, in a unique collection of autographs which has recently been sold at auction for £75,000. The collection includes 40,000 signatures which were gathered for over 50 years by Tommy Scullion.

Tommy was one of ten children in a family who lived in Northern Ireland. He began his hobby when he was at school. Tommy never married and worked all his life as a van driver for the local grocer’s. He knew everyone and enjoyed speaking to people. In his spare time he wrote to celebrities – on average about 25 letters a week.

Tommy Scullion was an enthusiastic reader of the news and made lists of famous people he wanted to contact. But he needed their addresses, which wasn’t easy. Remember, there was no Internet when he started collecting the autographs, so if he didn’t know where somebody was, he wrote to an embassy. He was very determined and if somebody did not reply, he wrote to them over and over again. Some replied years after he had written to them, others didn’t reply at all. Sometimes people are not willing to give their signatures for free, but Tommy never had to pay for the autographs. And from time to time he even received something extra with the autograph, for example a Christmas card from Grace Kelly or a drawing from Pablo Picasso.

Tommy got the signatures by writing personal letters to the celebrities. He even taught himself calligraphy to surprise those he wrote to, hoping that beautiful calligraphy would encourage them to reply. And it worked! A large number of the celebrities wrote back congratulating him on his beautifully written letters. In this way, he built up one of the world’s finest collections of autographs.

His collection is like a history of the 20th century. It includes Pope John Paul II’s autograph as well as US Senator Robert Kennedy’s. Among the most valuable signatures is that of the famous Scottish biologist, Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin. Sometimes Tommy had to act like a detective to get an autograph. It was very difficult to trace Martin Luther King, but Tommy somehow managed to include his signature in the collection. In a few cases he wasn’t so successful. In spite of his efforts and several letters sent to Buckingham Palace, he never got a reply from Queen Elizabeth II who, as a rule, doesn’t give autographs. Tommy died in 1996 but signatures, including that of a South African president, continued coming to Northern Ireland after his death.

Despite the big names in his collection, Tommy did not put the signatures in any albums and he did not hang them on walls in picture frames. He wrote to these people, got their autographs back in the post, opened the envelopes and took them out. They ended up in boxes, before being put in a wardrobe. He sometimes tried to catalogue them but never finished the job.

In his will Tommy wrote that he wanted people to see his collection. There wasn’t any museum in the village, so Tommy’s brother decided to put some of the autographs up for auction and raise the money necessary to buy a building in which the collection could be displayed. Thanks to the auction Tommy’s family are going to buy a building next to the doctor’s surgery and transform it into a museum. £75,000 will help to fulfill Tommy’s dream. adapted from bbc.co.uk; www.telegraph.co.uk; www.thesun.co.uk; www.independent.co.uk

6.1. What do we learn about Tommy at the beginning of the article?

6.2. The people Tommy asked for autographs

6.3. Many celebrities answered Tommy’s letters because they

6.4. Tommy’s collection does not contain the autograph of

6.5. Tommy kept the autographs in

6.6. Tommy’s last wish was to

6.7. The text is about

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